1. Stoning and Prophet Muhammad

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Stoning and Prophet Muhammad

  22/4/97 Bangladesh Ulama Want Lovers Stoned

Twenty three Islamic clerics are demanding that former president Hussain Muhammad Ershad and his mistress of 14 years, Mrs Mosharraf, be publicly stoned to death for adultery.

The Qur'an (24:2) only stipulates 100 lashes for this offence. However, Prophet Muhammad stoned a number of men and women (Sahih Muslim Chapters 623, 680, 682 and Hadith Malik (493:1520) and so this punishment is Shariah, Islamic Law. The man is to be buried up to his waist and a woman to above her breast. The stones are not to be too small as death will not ensue; nor must they be too large as death may come too soon.

Shariah does not prevail in Bangladesh although fundamentalists want it that way. It is one of the few relatively democratic Muslim countries and most of its laws remain from the days of its former British colonialists.

Fax or write to the Bangladeshi Head of State in Dhaka to resist efforts to turn back the clock.

28/10/97 Alleged Adulteress Saved from Stoning.

Zoleykhah Kadkhoda from the Iranian village of Kanirash in Bukan was rescued by villagers from stoning to death. So badly were her face and head damaged that she was taken to Bukan hospital.

On 11 August, 1997 she had been arrested and charged with engaging in sexual relations outside marriage. She was condemned to death by the religious magistrate, Hakem Sha'r and Imam Khalifzadeh of Ali Abad village. The local Hezbollah (Party of God), Pasdaran and Basizi buried her from her waist down (By Islamic Law it should be from the breasts down for a woman). While stoning is the punishment in the Sunnah, the Qur'an only mentions flogging.

We consider that stoning is a form of torture which Islam denies. Article 7 of the UN Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states: "No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment."

  27/2/98 Public Flogging and Amputations in Afghanistan

Thirty thousand spectators at the Kabul sports stadium watched while a teen-age girl received a hundred lashes for walking with a non-related male. Two men, Hamidullah and Habibullah had their right hands amputated by the Taleban for stealing from a shop.

26/2/98 A specific form of stoning was carried out in Taleban Kandahar on Wednesday. Three men convicted of sodomy were ordered to be put to death by having a brick wall toppled on them with the use of a tank. Thirty minutes later when they were dug up to be buried they were found to be still alive. For some reason they are to be freed after they come out of hospital.

Taliban Afghanistan (http://www.rawa.org )

16/6/99 Repression Rife in Middle East

Conflict, repression, violent punishment and human rights abuses were rife in the Middle East last year says Amnesty International.

In Egypt, prisoners were subjected to electric shocks, beatings, suspension by the wrists and burning with cigarettes. Psychological torture included death threats and threats of sexual abuse. The death in Palestinian custody of three detainees and Israel's use of physical pressure on Palestinians were other examples. Iran continues to use flogging and stoning and tortured detainees to obtain confessions. Bahrain also used torture, while Oman and the United Arab Emirates carried out floggings and amputations.

Hadith

 Bukhari 8:82:816 (Rajam is the stoning to death of a married adulterer The punishment in the Qur'an is 100 lashes and exile for a year). Umar said, "I am afraid that after a long time has passed, people may say, "We do not find the Verses of the Rajam in the Holy Book and consequently they may go astray by leaving an obligation that Allah has revealed "Surely Allah's Apostle carried out the penalty of Rajam, and so did we after him."

The Madhi of Sudan

The puritanism of the Mahdi was accepted by his followers: he forbade songs and dances, fine clothes, gold and silver ornaments. The veil was imposed on the tribeswomen even though they might otherwise be quite naked. A savage justice punished murderers and adulterers by the axe. Adulteresses were stoned to death. For a small theft the criminal lost a hand and a foot. Eighty lashes were dealt out for drinking beer and a hundred for smoking.

   Article 307 Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

"Every adult Muslim of either sex, guilty of the crime of adultery will be publicly punished, if he is single with a penalty of one hundred strokes of the whip and a year's imprisonment. Otherwise the penalty of death by stoning, "Tajum", will be pronounced in regard to a married or divorced couple. In regard to a pregnant woman the penalty of stoning or whipping will be deferred until after the delivery."

A period in the history of Pakistan

Zia supported the Wahhabis whom we described in the essay on Saudi Arabia and he made no effort to restrain the religous fundamentalists. They could assault people, throw acid at them or destroy their property at will. During Ramadan gangs roamed the streets checking that no restaurants were open, that water was shut off in drinking fountains and public bathrooms and that no one smoked in public during the day. Fundamentalist students campaigned for sexual apartheid at the schools and attacked girls wearing Western clothing. Women's events at the Olympic Games were not shown on Pakistan T V because they showed their legs. Shariah law was introduced so that a woman's evidence was worth only half of a man's. The woman's penalty of being stoned to death was introduced for Zina (adultery). The double standard was shown in one case in Lahore. Two women were made to strip, beaten on the genitals and then raped. After all that, the case against them was dropped due to lack of confessions or eye-witnesses. Surely their experiences in the police station made them guilty?

From "The Life of Muhammad"

"To test Muhammad, the rabbis sent to him a married man and a married Jewish woman who had committed adultery together. "If he condemns them to the tajah (whereby the criminals are lashed with a rope of date fibres dipped in resin) then obey him, for he is a prince. But if he condemns them to be stoned, he is a Prophet and be on your guard against him."23 The Holy Prophet ordered the pair to be stoned: the man bent over his mistress to protect her from the stones, but they were both killed."

  From "Two Faces of Islam"

Bangladesh: Fundamentalists rule at a grass roots level. Whippings, burnings and stonings have been taking place with no legal authority. Local village councils or salish have ordered and supervised these punishments under Islamic laws which are not on Bangladesh's statute book.

Most victims have been women. For example Shefali, aged 14, became pregnant after a landlord allegedly raped her. Because she could not produce four male witnesses, she was sentenced by a salish to 100 lashes for admitting fornication. Her mother also received 100 lashes for accusing the landlord of rape.

Noorjahan Begum, aged 21, obtained permission from village clergy for a second marriage because her first husband had left her. A salish found the marriage illegal in January, 1993. They were buried up to their chests and publicly stoned. Noorjahan died as a result. Amnesty raised this and other concerns with the Bangladesh Government and in February 1994, a Bangladeshi court sentenced nine men each to seven years' imprisonment for the stoning of Noorjahan and her husband.

The Hadith --sayings and actions of Prophet Muhammad

 Muslim 680 The Prophet said: "When an unmarried couple fornicate they should receive one hundred lashes and banishment for one year. In the cases of a married male committing adultery with a married female, they shall receive one hundred lashes and be stoned to death. If one of the pair is unmarried, one hundred lashes and exile for a year.

 Muslim 682 The Prophet said: "Do not stone the adulteress who is pregnant until she has had her child." After the birth she was put into a ditch up to her chest and the Prophet commanded them to stone her. Khalid came forward with a stone which he threw at her head, and there spurted blood on the face of Khalid and he cursed her. The gentle Prophet prayed over her and she was buried.

   Hadith Malik 493:1520 Ma'iz bin Malik came to Abu Bakr and said: "I am a base fellow for I have committed adultery."

Abu Bakr replied: "Repent before the Lord and tell no one else." The man still felt guilty and went to Umar who gave him the same reply. Still feeling guilty he went to the Prophet who asked if he was ill or mad, married or single. On hearing that Ma'iz was healthy and married, the Prophet ordered him to be stoned to death.

 Hadith Malik 493:1524 The Prophet was told: "My son was employed with this man; he committed adultery with his wife. I gave 100 sheep and a slave girl in compensation." The Prophet said: "Take back your sheep and your slave girl. Your son will receive 100 lashes and a year in exile. As the adulteress has confessed she will be stoned."

 Hadith Malik 493:1530 Ibn Shihab said that a man committing sodomy should be stoned whether he be married or unmarried.

   Hadith Malik 496:1540 A man went on a journey with the slave-girl of his wife and went into her. The envious wife reported it to Umar who said the husband would be stoned unless the slave girl was owned by him. The wife spoke out to save him: "I had given her as a gift."

Sahih Bukhari, 11:2073 The Prophet said: If any slave marries without the permission of his masters, he is a fornicator.